Diabetes and Periodontal Disease: A Two-Way Relationship

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Diabetes and periodontal disease are very destructive conditions that can eventually lead to tooth loss. This is because advanced periodontitis (advanced gum disease) destroys gum tissues before progressing to destroy the connective tissues holding your teeth in their sockets and the bone that actually forms these sockets (dental alveolus). With this amount of destruction, it’s hardly a surprise to learn that relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease is the major cause of tooth loss in the world. Preventing tooth loss is probably the main reason why people want to maintain healthy and strong gums, but diabetes and periodontal disease are also an inflammatory conditions that can have a serious impact on your general health. One disease it is frequently linked to is diabetes.

Data from the National Diabetes Statistics Report which was released in June 2014 shows that in 2012, 9.3% of the American population had diabetes, while the percentage of Americans aged 65 or older with this disease was 25.9%. It’s estimated that many more millions of Americans have undiagnosed diabetes and periodontal disease.


The Connection between Diabetes and Periodontal Disease

Diabetes and periodontal disease both are inflammatory conditions and diabetes reduces the body’s ability to fight infection. This does mean that diabetics are more susceptible towards developing periodontal disease, particularly if their condition is poorly controlled. If you are already diabetic, then developing periodontal disease can cause this condition to worsen. When diabetes and periodontal disease aren’t properly controlled, it can increase the amount of glucose in saliva which provides the perfect fuel for disease-causing bacteria in the mouth. The trouble with periodontal disease is that it causes gums to bleed, enabling bacteria to get into the bloodstream where they can create more inflammation. This type of infection can make it more difficult for diabetics to control their blood sugar levels, creating a vicious circle. Preventing periodontal disease from developing and treating any existing periodontal disease can help improve blood sugar levels.


Taking Action to Prevent Periodontal Disease

If you diagnosed with diabetes and periodontal disease or with prediabetes, it’s well worth making the commitment to maintain the best possible level of dental health. At the same time keeping your blood sugar levels properly controlled will help reduce the risk of developing this condition. Brush your teeth at least twice every day, when you get up in the morning and last thing at night with a soft bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Don’t scrub your teeth too hard as this can irritate your gum tissue and may cause the gums to recede. If diabetes affects your ability to hold a toothbrush, think about getting an electric toothbrush which is much easier to manipulate. Make sure you replace your toothbrush every three months or more frequently if it looks worn.


Get Professional Dental Care Midtown, Manhattan NYC

Make sure your dentist knows you have diabetes or alternatively visit a specialized practice such as D & D Periodontal Associates where you can see a specialist dentist called a periodontist who has additional training in treating gum disease. Being under the care of a good periodontist nyc will help keep your gums as healthy as possible. You’ll find your periodontist can work with you to help you maintain healthy gums.