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If you want a healthy mouth, it is important that you take care of it. Usually the conversation surrounding brushing and flossing focuses on healthy teeth–but what about your gums? In order to avoid gum disease, it is important to care for your gums as well.

Gum disease is also called periodontal disease; it is caused by a buildup of plaque on teeth. Plaque is comprised of bacteria, which coalesce into a sticky film. The bacteria can not only erode teeth, but they can also infect the gum tissue, resulting in gum disease.

There are many signs and symptoms that could indicate gum disease. Some of these include:

–persistent halitosis
–loose or separating permanent teeth
–Any change in your bite pattern or the fit of dentures
–gums that have pulled away from the teeth
–red, tender, swollen gums
–gums that bleed easily

To combat gum disease, you must keep up impeccable oral hygiene. It is vital that you brush your teeth and gums twice a day, for 2 minutes each session. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush to protect your gum tissues and tooth enamel. It is equally important to floss! Flossing cleans the plaque from places your brush can’t reach. This includes between teeth and behind the back molars–both excellent breeding grounds for bacteria that cause gum disease.

For more information, call D & D Periodontal Associates, P.C. in New York, New York, at 212-759-7763. Drs. Royzman and Royzman look forward to helping your whole smile stay healthy!