Do your gums nicely frame your teeth or are they too high or too low? Gums that are incorrectly shaped can ruin an otherwise nice smile but the good news is that you may be able to havegum re-sculpting surgery which is a dental procedure that is best carried out by a periodontist who specializes in gum treatments.
Why Are Some People’s Gums Uneven?
There are a lot of different reasons why gums may be unevenly shaped or too high or too low. Some people have what’s called a gummy smile, where teeth are covered up by excess gum tissue, making it seem as if they are too small. In fact underneath all the gum tissue the teeth may be the correct size and uncovering them can create a more evenly balanced and more attractive smile. A gummy smile can be due to genetics or it might be down to having a certain health problem or can even be caused by taking some prescription drugs.
If your gums are too high then your teeth are likely to appear too long. This can be caused by gum recession where the gums have pulled away from the teeth, sometimes even exposing the tooth roots. When this occurs you may also have other symptoms such as increased tooth sensitivity to hot and cold, and gum recession also puts your teeth at additional risk of tooth decay or could even mean they are at risk of being lost. This is because gum recession can be a sign of periodontal disease, a bacterial infection that destroys the gum tissue and the structures supporting your teeth which include ligaments and bone.
Gum Reshaping for Cosmetic Purposes
If you have a gummy smile, then reshaping your gums through removing the excess gum tissue can be a simple and straightforward procedure that will be carefully planned by a periodontist here at D & D Periodontal Associates in Midtown, NYC. Often simply removing minimal amounts of gum tissue under local anaesthetic can create a more pleasing effect. Sometimes more extensive surgery may be necessary through removing or reshaping some of the underlying bone to create a more aesthetic appearance. This treatment is sometimes called crown lengthening and may mean that you’ll benefit from having the treated teeth covered up with the crowns or veneers to protect any exposed tooth surfaces.
Gum Treatments for Gum Recession
If your gums have receded then treatment will be quite different, particularly if gum recession has occurred due to active periodontal disease. Our main aim will be to clear up any signs of gum disease through deep cleaning your gums to remove the bacterial infection. This part of the process helps gums to heal, reducing the sizes of any pockets that may have developed in between your gums and your teeth. From there we can plan more extensive treatments to repair badly damaged gums. This can be done through gum grafting using tissue taken from another area in your mouth, or through utilizing other treatments to help regenerate lost tissue. Repairing and replacing lost gum tissue helps protect your teeth while creating a more cosmetically pleasing appearance.