Oral Hygiene
Oral Hygiene
Periodontal disease is also known as gum disease and occurs when bacteria are allowed to build up on the teeth and gums, creating a sticky biofilm which produces toxins that attack the gums, gradually causing inflammation and infection. This disease is very common and is a major cause of tooth loss. In addition there is extensive evidence that gum disease may be associated with other health conditions which include heart disease and diabetes. While periodontal disease is prevalent, there is no need for you to develop it and a good prevention plan can ensure your gums remain healthy and strong.

Book a Yearly Evaluation with Periodontist

Make sure you book an evaluation with our periodontist each year. This is essential for helping to ensure your teeth and gums remain healthy so any small signs of gum disease will soon be detected, before they can cause any extensive damage and this disease becomes chronic. The earliest signs of gum disease are completely reversible using easy and straightforward treatments that are very non-invasive. It is quite a different story if you allow this disease to progress into periodontal disease, as treatment will need to be ongoing as periodontal disease is often chronic and can never be completely cured. During your comprehensive periodontal evaluation we will closely examine your teeth, gums, bone structure and the current levels of plaque in your mouth. We will also assess various other risk factors for periodontal disease and can work with you to devise a treatment plan that will help keep your teeth and gums healthy in between evaluations. In addition, you should know your risk of developing periodontal disease as genetics, diet, smoking and even your age can increase your chances of developing gum disease. If we feel you are at increased risk then we’ll discuss this with you so we can find a way to lower your risk to more acceptable levels.

Oral Hygiene Instructions for Home Care

It is extremely simple and straightforward to look after your teeth and gums at home. Make sure you brush your teeth after meals or at least twice a day as this removes plaque trapped in between your teeth and gums as well as food debris. It helps to brush your tongue as this can harbor large amounts of bacteria. Use a soft toothbrush to gently brush your tongue or you can buy proper scrapers or tongue brushes if you prefer. You must floss once a day, preferably nothing at night so you go to bed with a clean mouth. This helps remove plaque and food debris that is trapped between teeth and which cannot be removed by your toothbrush. Make sure you take the dental floss right down to and just below the gum line as plaque tends to build up in this area. If you are unsure of how to floss then please ask us for help and a practical demonstration. It can be useful to use an antimicrobial mouthwash which will help remove any loose food debris and which can reduce plaque bacteria. A good oral hygiene routine should only take 10 minutes each day which is a small price to pay for healthy teeth and gums.