Periodontitis, Gingivitis and Gum Disease: The Basics

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Gum disease is also called periodontal disease; it is a major cause of tooth loss among adults in the United States. Its early stages are referred to as gingivitis; advanced stages are very dangerous and called periodontitis. Gum disease is frequently caused by a buildup of plaque on teeth. This is one reason why it is so important to practice excellent basic hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing your teeth.


There are many symptoms that could indicate gum disease; be watchful for them. Some of them include:


–a change in your bite pattern

–gums that have pulled away from your teeth

–persistent bad breath

–loose or separating permanent teeth

–red, tender, swollen gums

–gums that bleed easily

–a change in the way your dentures fit


Though the primary cause of gum disease is poor dental hygiene, there are other risk factors that can increase your chances of infection. These include taking certain medications (such as cancer therapy drugs, oral contraceptives, or steroids), smoking or using tobacco, being pregnant, having diabetes, crooked teeth, or simply having a genetic predisposition for gum disease. If you have any of these risk factors in your life, be extra-diligent in your oral hygiene habits! Also be sure to visit your periodontists consistently.


For more information, call D & D Periodontal Associates, P.C. in New York, New York, at 212-759-7763.  Dr. Daniel and Daria Royzman and our team look forward to helping your whole smile!