Periodontal disease begins with the development of plaque. This is a sticky biofilm that mainly consists of bacteria. Plaque forms over your tooth surfaces after sugars and starches found in foods interact with mouth bacteria. Regular brushing and flossing removes plaque but it is continually re-forming.
If plaque stays on your teeth longer than a couple of days it will begin to harden around the gum line into a substance called tartar or calculus. Tartar can only be removed during a professional dental cleaning and its presence makes plaque more difficult to get rid of.
The longer tartar and plaque remain in your teeth, the more they will irritate and inflame your gums. Eventually you will develop the earliest signs of periodontal disease which is a condition called gingivitis. As the disease develops it will gradually cause pockets to develop in between your gums and teeth and these fill up with plaque bacteria and tartar. The bacteria produce toxins which further inflame your gums, causing the pockets to become deeper and which are colonized by even more bacteria. Eventually the infection will be so deep that it will destroy the bone around your teeth.
Periodontal Disease Risk Factors
There are certain risk factors that increase your chances of developing periodontal disease and these include:
- Already having gingivitis
- Periodontal disease can be hereditary so it is worth checking to see if close family have lost teeth due to gum disease
- Poor oral hygiene habits
- Using any type of tobacco
- Having a disease that affects your immunity such as HIV-AIDS or diabetes
- Receiving treatment such as chemotherapy or taking certain medications
- Hormonal changes due to pregnancy or menopause
- Having poorly fitting dental restorations
- Already having problems with the way your teeth fit together
- Being older
Everybody has some degree of risk of developing periodontal disease but there are lots of things you can do to lower your chances. We can discuss your risk factors and will devise a treatment plan to help keep your teeth and gums healthy.
For more information about periodontal disease or Periodontal Disease Treatment in NYC talk to top periodontists, best specialists Dr. Daniel Royzman and Dr. Daria Royzman or contact our Manhattan, NYC center:
D & D Periodontal Associates, P.C.
57 W 57th St #605
New York, NY 10019
Phone: (212) 759-7763