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Did you know nearly half of adults aged 30 or older have some form of periodontal disease? Periodontal disease or gum disease is amazingly common and can have a huge effect on your dental and general health. However, with the proper care you don’t need to become part of these statistics who have develop signs of gum disease and it is possible to enjoy healthy gums.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease develops as a result of infection in the gums and is caused by bacteria being allowed to build up on the teeth and gums. These bacteria are found in the sticky layer of plaque that develops over your teeth and gums during the day and which must be thoroughly removed through regular brushing and flossing as otherwise your gums will become infected. As the infection develops, it creates inflammation in the gum tissue that will gradually destroy it. After destroying your gums, the infection will begin to destroy the bone surrounding teeth and as a result teeth may even fall out. The mild signs of gum disease are called gingivitis and it’s vital to catch the disease at this time and before it can develop into a far more serious condition called periodontitis (Learn more: What is Gingivitis?).

Watching out for the Warning Signs of Gum Disease

There are lots of warning signs of gum disease you need to be aware of and the most obvious is noticing your gums have begun to bleed. They may bleed when you brush or floss or at other times. As well as bleeding, your gums may feel tender if you touch them and could appear red or swollen. If you look at them a little more closely you may notice your teeth have begun to look longer due to gum recession as the gums begin to pull away from your teeth. Your teeth may have become more sensitive than before due to the tooth roots being exposed as your gums receding. If the disease has progressed quite significantly, then you might notice your teeth fit together slightly differently than they used to as some teeth may have become loose. Partial dentures may begin to fit less perfectly than before. It could also have become uncomfortable or painful to chew.

Who Is More Likely to Develop Periodontal Disease?

Main cause is age, as older people are more at risk of developing signs of gum disease. Other risk factors include smoking, being under stress, having crooked teeth that are more difficult to keep thoroughly clean, taking medications that may cause dry mouth and having diabetes. If your parents or other close relatives have had periodontal disease then you may be more at risk. Women are more likely to develop signs of gum disease at certain times due to hormonal changes.

How to Keep Your Gums Healthy and Strong in NY

It is possible to enjoy good gum health and this is where D&D Periodontal Associates can help you. If you even suspect you may have any signs of gum disease then it’s worth booking a consultation with one of our best periodontists in Midtown Manhattan. We can thoroughly evaluate your gum health and if necessary will provide appropriate treatment. You will also find we can provide you with lots of information on how to keep your gums healthy and strong.